Why Farming Matters

Using the videos

Refers to page 10 in the booklet

The Why Farming Matters resource includes a growing number of videos about different farming sectors. These are brief and informative introductions to farming. There are accompanying activities which encourage further viewing of the videos to help pupils to think about what farming involves.

Here are some suggested questions and topics for discussion: (the numbers indicate the location within the video)


00:00-00:20 What is the farmer producing?

00:22-00:35 What do the cows feed on in winter

00:38-00:58 What are the differences between dairy cows and beef cows?

01:15-01:36 Why do the cows have numbered ear tags?

01:38-02:03 What is cow muck used for?

02:05-02:26 What does the farmer think about his job and why?



00:00-00:19 Where can we buy chicken meat?

00:33-00:48 What is the lifespan of a chicken?

01:22-02.12 In what ways do farmers make sure the chickens are well cared for?

02.12-02:28 What happens to the chicken poo and why?

Pupils can discuss the needs of the chickens compared to their own needs.

How often do the pupils eat chicken? They can check packaging to find out its origin.


00:00-00:18 What does the arable farmer grow and what products are the result of these crops?

00:19-00:47 When does the farmer's year begin and what are the important times of year for the crops?

(Look at A year on the farm poster too)

00:52-01:47 How does a combine harvester work?

01:49-02:16 What features does the farmer have on the farm to help wildlife?

Do the pupils have a school garden?  What crops are they able to grow?  How can they encourage wildlife in the school grounds?


00:14-00:27 What must happen for a cow to produce milk?

00:27-00:37 How much milk does a cow produce?

00:40-00:58 What happens in the milking parlour?

01:14-01:29 Where does the milk go after leaving the farm and why?

02:29-02:39 What is milk used to make?

Can the pupils research the health benefits of milk?

Carry out a survey to find out how much milk the class consumes in a day/week/year. Remember to include all the products that contain milk!

Farm Tour

00:00-00:12 Which part of the country does Henry live in?

00:33-00:51 What is barley used to make?

00:56-01:15 What does Henry mean by “farming for the wildlife”?

01:23-01:39 What is the yellow crop called and what is it used for?

01:44-01:56 What is silage?

01:58-02:11 Which meats do Henry’s cattle become?

02:19-02:43 How many loaves of bread could be made from the wheat in Henry’s field?


00:10-00:21 How many foods did you spot that are harvested?

00:22-00:29 What colour do all peppers start off as?

00:38-00:47 Which vegetable grown in the UK could go to the moon and back 2.5 times?

00:51-01:01 Which machine collects the cereal crops from the field?

01:02-01:12 Which foods are made from wheat and barley?

01:15-01:21 When does the British cereal harvest begin?

01:27-01:32 What is important about harvest to the farmer?


00.08-00.18 Why do farmers keep sheep?

00:18-00:29 Which meat cuts does the farmer describe?

00:34-00:38 What can sheep’s wool be used for?

00:35-00:44 Why are sheep sheared?

00:46-01:01 Why does the farmer have a collie dog and what does the dog do?

01:04- 01:23 What does the farmer like about his job?



00:00-00:22 How long does it take for a strawberry to grow?

00:34-00:43 What part do bees play?

00:44-01:10 Why does the farmer use polytunnels?

01:14-01:31 What is irrigation and why is it needed?

01:31-01:47 How soon are strawberries sent to the shops?

Why do pupils think the strawberries are grown in raised troughs?

Have they ever been strawberry picking?

How do the children like to eat strawberries?  Can they find any strawberry recipes?

Sugar beet

00:07-00:11 What is meant by a root crop?

00:17-00:30 Which part of the plant holds the sugar? 

00:47-00:51 What happens to the seed to create sugar?

00:52-00:54 What are the ideal weather conditions for growing sugar beet?

01:04-01:19 What is the greatest change in the harvesting of sugar beet?

01:20-01:53 How does the machine harvest the sugar beet?

01:54-01:58 How many bags of sugar does the UK produce every year?

01:59-02:07 What part of the country grows most sugar beet?

02:09-02:18 How does the farmer describe farming today?


Visit the following link to find out about the Wissington factory, the largest sugar beet factory in the world.