Applied science in agriculture


Examples of the many ways that agriculture makes use of applied science.


 

 

Theme

Examples

Micro-organisms

Helpful and harmful microbes in food production

Health of plants and animals, biosecurity

Chemical analysis

Assessment of nutrient deficiencies

Environmental risk management of pollutants

Products from living things

Food, wool, silk, cotton, leather, pharmaceuticals, dyes

Intensive and organic farming

Controlled environments for plants and animals

Photosynthesis

Optimising photosynthesis in a greenhouse

 

Plant growth

Measurement of nutrients in soil and the use of organic/inorganic fertilisers

 

Genetics

Selective breeding of plants and animals with desired traits

GM crops and animals

 

Energy resources

Energy crops as sustainable alternatives to fossil fuels

Case studies about scientific workplaces

Milk production at producer and processor level

Biofuels from crop production to power station

Production at a horticultural unit

Veterinary medicine

Increasing biodiversity through integrated crop management

Making and assessing the effectiveness of an electronic device

Greenhouse control systems: water and temperature

Automatic feed controls

Pedometers on cows

GPS for yield mapping

Incubation control systems

Identifying a range of components in mechanical machines

Any pieces of agricultural equipment!

 

Investigation of growth in controlled conditions

Improving yields of plants with varying levels of nutrients

Production  of yoghurt using a range of milk types

 

Source: Graham, Bill Where is the science in agriculture? School Science Review, September 2005, 87(318)