# Dairy Farm Visit: during visit activities

Six activites for KS1 and KS2 that can be used during a farm visit. Some are tailored to dairy farming, but could be adapted to other types of farm. Curriculum links are summarised at the end.

### 1. The farm

Welcome to the farm. One of the first things you will see is how different everywhere looks compared with school! As with any visit to a new place, it's important to know where you are and where you are going.

• Use the worksheet 'A farm map' (Activity Sheet 1) and make your own map of the farm. This activity sheet is for you to make a draft map so that you can create a neat version when you are back at school.The first thing you need to do is decide where you are going to begin! The easiest place to begin is the farm entrance and this should be placed near the bottom of your map. As you are taken around the farm, draw all the buildings that you see - don't forget to ask the farmer what the buildings are used for - and make a note of the paths, fences, hedges and ditches around the farm. When you have all the information that you need, you are ready to create your very own map of the farm.
• Once you have created your farm map, you need to help other people understand what the details in your map mean. To make the map easy to understand, you will need to create a legend or key that shows what all the details are on your map. Your legend should show what the buildings are for, what are fences, hedges, paths and ditches, where the animals are kept and what is grown in each field. You can colour the map using different colours to represent the various details.
• Do you know how big the farm is? Try to find out how many hectares the farm covers. How far is it from the farmhouse to the field where the cows graze? To help you calculate the distances you can use an OS map, or select a part of the farm and work out the distance by how many steps it takes you to walk around the chosen area. Now, measure your step and you have an indication of the distance for your chosen area. Using the calculation for your chosen area, can you estimate the rest of the farm? You could always ask the farmer for help too! Once you have calculated the distances around the farm, transfer these measurements to your map.

### 2. The milking process

You are part of a very busy day on the farm. The farmer got up early this morning to start on some of the jobs that are carried out on the farm.

• Have a look at the 'From the field to the tanker' worksheet (Activity Sheet 2) and see if you can work out the correct sequence of events on the farm. Can you find out which task is done first thing in the morning and which is the last task of the farmer's day?
• Can you find out what time each task is carried out? You'll have to ask the farmer for some clues!

### 3. Animal, mineral or vegetable?

There are many objects on the farm that you may not have seen before. Some items you
may have seen before on the TV, in books or on the internet.

• On the 'Animal, mineral or vegetable' worksheet (Activity Sheet 3) you will find a sentence. You need to find an animal, mineral or vegetable that begins with each one of the letters from the sentence.

### 4. Habit-forming wildlife

On the farm you will see many varieties of wildlife. All the wildlife that you see has a habitat - a natural home.

• What habitats can you identify at the farm? Is there a pond, stream, woodland, hedgerow, grassland or another habitat created by the farmer?
• Use the 'Wildlife' worksheet (Activity Sheet 4) and see what kinds of habitats you can find, what lives there, and what they like to eat.

### 5. Species survey

There are many different things that grow on the farm. The various trees and plants provide a home and food for many forms of wildlife.

• What species, or kinds, of trees and plants can you see around the farm? Use the 'Species survey' worksheet (Activity Sheet 5) to record the number and types of species you can find at the farm.
• Carry out the same survey at school. What species of trees and plants grow at your school? Are there any differences between the number and types of species growing at your school and those on the farm? Why do you think this is?

### 6. What's in a word?

There are many words used to describe different activities on the farm. Some we may know but there are many that we are not quite so sure about.

• Using the 'What's in a word?' worksheet (Activity Sheet 6), can you work out which description matches the correct word? You may need to ask the farmer for some clues!

Answers: 1 = B, 2 = C, 3 = F, 4 = G, 5 = H, 6 = D, 7 = I, 8 = A, 9 = E