KS2 Maths activities that can be carried out before, during or after a school visit.
Curriculum area: Numbers including fractions
- Use the legs/ears/eyes of animals to: Count in steps of two and four; Become familiar with multiples of two and four e.g. how many ears have 8 cows?
- Compare numbers of animals on different farms: Say which farm has more or less of an animal; Estimate and calculate the differences; Round numbers of animals up or down to the nearest 10 or 100; Convert numbers of animals into percentages of the farm totals.
- Divide a set of animals into the available fields as equally as possible eg you have 56 sheep and 4 fields - how many sheep in each field?
- Find halves and quarters of numbers of farm animals, amounts of crops.
- Calculate how much the farmer will get for a particular quantity of produce or livestock at a given unit price.
- Collect and compare prices of eggs and milk in different shops. Record differences on a graph. Work out percentage differences.
- Convert prices of farm products to another currency.
Accurate information about farms is available in the farm profiles on the main FACE website, or the information can be invented!
Curriculum area: Measurement
- Read a timetable of the farmer's day and answer questions.
- Design a timetable for a farmer's day using am and pm or a 24-hour clock. Use a calendar to design the farmer's year.
- Work out problems around times and milking cows eg if you have 40 cows and 10 milking machines and it takes 5 minutes to milk each cow, how long will the whole milking job take.
- Design a yearly timetable for seed planting using information gathered from seed packets.
- Estimate the measurements of fields.
- Convert measurements of fields into kilometres/metres/centimetres.
- Using maps of the farm, follow a farmer's day and design the shortest route around the farm for the farmer.
- Find weight of potatoes in kilograms/grams.
- Compare weights of potatoes - kilograms vs. pounds. Work out some equivalent weights. Measure quantities of milk in litres and millilitres.
- Round measurements to the nearest kilogram or litre.
- Measure milk in pints and litres. Work out how many pints there are to a litre. Measure height of plants and record their growth on a chart.
- Which sort of egg has the largest volume? What is the difference in volume/circumference between different sizes of egg?
- Take the temperature of different bottles of milk using a thermometer in degrees centigrade. Record findings on a table or graph.
- Find perimeters of fields on a map.
- Find area of fields using areas of rectangles and areas of right-angle triangles.
- Milk Potatoes Eggs
- Farm maps
- Weighing scales with metric and imperial units Measuring jug with metric and imperial units Metre rule
- Tape measure Thermometer
- Seed packets
Curriculum area: Statistics
- Use a table showing different numbers of animals on different farms: Read information from table; Re-create data as different types of chart (pie, bar, tally, pictogram); Write questions about the data; Answer questions about the data.
- Input data onto a database. Give children numerical information about the animals and ask them to design a table to present the information.
- Find the mean, median, mode and range of the numbers of animals.
- Gather data eg favourite cheese, drink or animal, and choose the appropriate graph to represent information on.
- Use examples from farming to explore probability eg the cows will be milked today (very likely); the wheat will grow two metres high (very unlikely); it will rain this year (certain!).
Curriculum area: Ratio and Proportion
- Use a selection of grains and pellets from the farm. Use a recipe, with ratios on, to create a mix of food suitable for pigs. Wheat:barley:pellets:oats 4:2:7:2
- If sheep need to have a lower proportion of wheat and higher of barley can they adjust the recipe to match that? Can you now make this feed mix?